Alice, Georgina, Agnes and Louisa: The MacDonald Sisters

Rudyard Kipling (1865 -1936) the British author and poet is celebrated for many works of fiction including The Jungle Book which his father John Lockwood Kipling illustrated. The elder Kipling (1837- 1911) in addition to being an illustrator was an English art teacher and museum curator known for his career in India. His wife Alice MacDonald (1837-1910) was one of the four MacDonald sisters who though of middle class upbringing went on to marry very influential men of Victorian Britain. Georgiana (1840-1920) an artist would marry Edward Coley Burne-Jones, the Pre-Raphaelite painter and designer who painted her portrait. Her sister Agnes (1843-1906) married Edward John Poynter the neo-classical painter who ultimately became President of the Royal Academy. He painted his wife’s portrait as well as that of her sister, novelist Louisa (1845-1925) who married industrialist Alfred Baldwin. Their son, Stanley Baldwin became prime minister of the United Kingdom.