Saudade is the Portuguese word of longing for someone or something that is missing or gone. It is unique to Portugal and Portuguese-speaking people. A maritime culture during Portugal’s Golden Age, explorers and sailors left their families behind not knowing if they would see each other again. During the colonization of Asia, Africa and South America many Portuguese left their homeland behind never to return. This is reflected in their art. Brazilian Realist painter José Ferraz de Almeida Júnior (1850 -1899) depicted a solitary woman reading a letter and called it Saudade. His pensive self-portrait perhaps hints at his own fate; the husband of his mistress stabbed him to death. Amadeo de Souza Cardoso (1887- 1918) studied in Lisbon and Paris and became one of the first modern Portuguese artists as seen is his, Menina dos Cravos, Carnation Girl. The handsome man in the photograph died at the age of thirty-one from Spanish Flu. He left behind a wife and an artistic legacy.